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Photoshop Blending Modes Descriptions -Part1-

使用ソフト: Photoshop CC2020  

Do you know how many types of [Blending Modes] are there in Photoshop?
There are 27 different types!
In this article, we’ll talk about these Blending Modes in two parts.

Introduction

We can roughly categorize the Blending Modes into 3 types.

Darken Blending Modes

  • Darken
  • Multiply
  • Color Burn
  • Linear Burn
  • Darker Color

Lighten Blending Modes

  • Lighten
  • Screen
  • Color Dodge
  • Linear Dodge (Add)
  • Lighter Color

Contrast Blending Modes

  • Overlay
  • Soft Light
  • Hard Light
  • Vivid Light
  • Linear Light
  • Pin Light
  • Hard Mix

There are 10 other different modes, but I’ll explain those as well.
I’ll use these two layers this time.
Layer 1 [Base color]
Base color
Layer 2 [Blend color](The upper is translucent.)
Blend color
Work with putting layer 2[Blend color] on top of layer 1[Base color].
The state in which the two layers are stacked is called [Result color].

1. Normal

Normal is the default Blending Mode. Since [Blend color] is on top of [Base color], [Result color] looks like this.
Normal

2. Dissolve

Dissolve can give a noise effect to the applied layer.
The noise intensity depends on the opacity value. The higher the opacity, the higher the density of noise, and the lower the opacity, the lower the density of noise.
Dissolve
Example
Changing the TV screen to a white noise.
Example of Dissolve

3. Darken [Darken Blending Modes]

When base color and blend color are overlapped, the one with a darker color value is displayed as the result color.
In other words, the color with a lower RGB value (darker color) is displayed in priority.
Darken
Example of combining image with a layer of [RGB:190 150 60].
Base
Result
Darken

4.Multiply [Darken Blending Modes]

This mode multiples base color by blend color.
It makes the result color darker, so you can make darker images or shadows.
Multiplying with white doesn’t change the result color, while black remains its color.
Layering colors other than black or white makes the result color get darker.
Multiply
Example
Change the color of the glasses naturally.
Multiply
Result
After applying Multiply

5. Color Burn [Darken Blending Modes]

This mode darkens the base color and reflect the blend color by increasing the contrast between them. There’s no change with blending with white.
Color Burn
Example
Add a nostalgic effect.
Before
Result
After

6. Linear Burn [Darken Blending Modes]

This mode is similar in effect to the Color burn, but makes a result color darker than it.
It also adds similar effect with Multiply, so gives a darker image.
Linear Burn
Example
Add a vintage look to image
Before
Result
After

7. Darker Color [Darken Blending Modes]

Compares the sum of all channel values for the blend and basic colors, and displays the color with the lower value. While Darken chooses a color with a lower value for each RGB channel, Darker Color shows the color with the lowest total RGB value.
Darker Color
Example
Add a rust effect to a sign.
Before
Result
After

8. Lighten [Lighten Blending Modes]

When overlaying the basic color and blend color, the one with the brighter color value will be shown as the result color. The higher RGB value color (brighter color) will be displayed in preference.
There’s no change by blending with white.
Lighten
Example of combining image with a layer of [RGB:190 150 60].
Base
Result
Lighten

9. Screen [Lighten Blending Modes]

It multiplies the inverse of the blend color and base color. The result color is lighter in contrast with Multiply. White is reflected, but black is not. It’s easy to imagine this as the opposite of Multiply.
Screen
Example of combining image with a layer of [RGB:190 150 60].
Base
Result
Screen

10. Color Dodge [Lighten Blending Modes]

Based on the color information of each channel, brighten the base color and reflect the blend color by reducing the contrast between them. There is no change by combining with black. It is easy to understand if you think of it as the opposite of the Linear Burn.
Color Dodge
Example of combining image with a layer of [RGB:190 150 60].
Base
Result
Color Dodge

11. Linear Dodge (Add) [Lighten Blending Modes]

Based on the color information in each channel, brighten the base color to reflect the blend color by increasing the brightness. There is no change by combining with black. The result color is brighter than the Color Dodge. It is easy to understand if you think of it as the opposite of the Linear Burn.
Linear Dodge (Add)
Example of combining image with a layer of [RGB:190 150 60].
Base
Result
Linear Dodge (Add)

12. Lighter Color [Lighten Blending Modes]

Compares the sum of all channel values for the blend and basic colors, and displays the color with the higher value. While Lighten chooses a color with a higher value for each RGB channel, Lighter Color shows the color with the highest total RGB value.
You can easily understand this as the opposite of the Darker Color.
Lighter Color
Example of combining image with a layer of [RGB:190 150 60].
Base
Result
Lighter Color

13. Overlay [Contrast Blending Modes]

This mode makes darker areas darker by Multiply, and light areas lighter by Screen. The result color is vivid and has a clear contrast.
Overlay
Example of combining image with a layer of [RGB:190 150 60].
Base
Result
Overlay

14. Soft Light [Contrast Blending Modes]

Soft Light makes light areas lighter and dark areas darker depending on the blend color without changing the hue, such as the overlay. It has less contrast than an Overlay.
Soft Light
Example of combining image with a layer of [RGB:190 150 60].
Base
Result
Soft Light
(Source: Adobe/Blending modes https://helpx.adobe.com/photoshop/using/blending-modes.html)


That’s it for the first part.
Let’s continue on to Part 2!

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